Let’s Hear IT from the Middleman

Let’s Hear IT for the Middleman

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The rapid rise of e-commerce internet sites in recent years has brought about significant changes in the way we go about purchasing goods and services. In particular, items that previously we would only have considered acquiring through an agent are now freely available for us to buy directly via the web. Despite all that, there are still some areas where we are more reluctant to cut out the middleman, like buying a house or car. The added complexity of this kind of purchase (e.g. legal issues, payment plans and just the amounts of money involved) means that we feel more comfortable in the knowledge that someone else is acting on our behalf.

Technological Middlemen and the SBC

Let’s Hear IT from the MiddlemanThe same can be said for the world of technology and telecommunications. Many middleware systems and mediation devices are available today to simplify and control interconnectivity between all sorts of platforms. In the world of IP communications, the predominant mediation device is the Session Border Controller or SBC, which sits at the border between two VoIP networks and provides security, quality, and access control between the two domains.

Connecting Microsoft Lync to SIP Trunking Services

Several recent posts on the AudioCodes blog have discussed the importance of deploying SBCs in a variety of different scenarios. One scenario where there seems to be grounds for leaving out an SBC is when connecting enterprise Microsoft Lync deployments to SIP trunks. According to Microsoft’s own recommendations, the Lync Mediation Server acts as the mediation device between the enterprise Lync Server pool and the outside world. Using this architecture, companies are able to connect to Microsoft-certified SIP trunking services and start to reap the technological and commercial benefits that they offer. With tight IT budgets always competing with the draw of technological innovation, the addition of an SBC into such a scenario would, on the face of it, seem to be something of an unnecessary extravagance. A closer look, though, reveals a number of important considerations that, when weighed up against the alternative, support a strong case for deploying an SBC to connect Lync to SIP trunking services.

Mediation Server or SBC?

Recently, we published a technical guide document entitled “SIP Trunking in Lync Networks – The Easy Way Out” (download it for free here). The aim of this document is to highlight some of the considerations when connecting Lync to SIP trunks which may not be obvious to many IT managers. The document explains how the complexity of SIP trunking connectivity cannot always be handled adequately by a direct connection from Lync’s Mediation Server. SBCs, on the other hand, deliver critical technological and cost-savings value to SIP trunking connectivity in areas such as:

  • Flexibility
  • Interoperability
  • Security
  • Voice quality

The guide goes into some detail in each of these areas. There isn’t room in a single blog post to cover all of them but, for the moment, let’s just take a closer look at one aspect of the first item to illustrate the limitations of Mediation Server when compared with using an SBC. (In future blog posts we will look at some others.)

SBCs for Routing Flexibility

Least cost routing (LCR) is a common feature in any communications setup for controlling costs, giving administrators the ability to decide how to route outgoing calls in the most economical way. Mediation Server is only capable of connecting to one SIP trunking provider at a time, meaning that enterprise-controlled LCR for outbound calls is not possible. With an SBC in place, however, administrators are able to connect to multiple SIP trunks simultaneously and create extensive LCR schemas to ensure that calls are handled in the most efficient and cost-effective manner. And, if your SBC is a hybrid device supporting both SIP and TDM connections, you can perform LCR between multiple SIP trunks and PSTN connections.

SBC – The Middleman You Can’t Do Without

So maybe not all middlemen are unnecessary evils. Just as your real estate agent might have the market knowledge and experience to find you a better deal than you could have done yourself, so too deploying an SBC can help you control the costs, quality and security of your SIP trunking connections.

To quote from “SIP Trunking in Lync Networks – The Easy Way Out”:

An experienced IT manager knows that sometimes the potential downsides of taking shortcuts outweigh the cost of well-designed deployments. The expense of an SBC is relatively small compared to the overall cost of designing, implementing and operating a Lync deployment. The decision to include an SBC is, therefore, a simple one, given the value it offers in terms of security, interoperability and quality.

If you want to learn more, please download our guide. We’d love to hear to your thoughts in the comments section below.

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